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Posted on:    30 Dec, 2017       Views:  986

ISRO  31 PSLV Satellite launch biggest in the world

ISRO launches 31 satellites in single mission in January 2018

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has announced the launch of 31 satellites, in which India's Cartosat-2 series Earth Observation Space in Janu 10,2018 at Single Mission Observer.
These satellites will be launched from the spaceport in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on the ship of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) -C40. PSLV-C39 will be the first PSLV mission after unsuccessful launch of Backup Navigation Satellite IRNSS-1B in August 2017, because in the last phase due to technical fault, in August 2017, after the correct launch of the Backup Navigation Satellite IRNSS-1H PSLV - C39 due to technical fault in the last phase after the last phase

This mission is a combination of 28 Nano satellites from foreign countries, including a micro and nano satellites from Finland, America and India. The main payload of the mission will be India's Cartosat-2 series Earth Observation Satellite. This third satellite in the CartosAT-2 series is a follow-up mission with the primary purpose of providing the CARTOSAT-2 series satellite launch high-resolution visual specific location imagery. There are operating patrographs and multi-spectra cameras in the Time Dell Integration mode. It is capable of distributing high resolution data

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PSLV third-generation launch vehicle has been individually designed and developed by ISRO. It is one of the most reliable and versatile workhorses (launch vehicles) in the world, with 39 successful missions, continuously until June 2017. This is the first Indian rocket to be equipped with four phase launches and liquid stages. It can take up to 600 kms of Sun-synchronous Polar Orbit (SSPO) up to 1750 Kg. Payload and can carry a payload of 1,425 kilograms in land and geostationary classes.

In the upper stage or fourth phase of PSLV, two earth's attractive liquid engines are included. The third stage is the concrete rocket motor, which gives high speed to the high speed after the atmospheric phase of the launch. The second phase of PSLV uses an earth's liquid rocket engine, which is known as the development engine developed by the liquid propulsion system center. The first stage S139 uses a solid rocket motor which is enhanced by 6 solid stap-on boosters.

Successful mission:
During the period 1994-2017, PSLV has launched 48 Indian satellites and 209 satellites for customers from abroad. It has been in the service for twenty years and has started historical missions such as Chandrayaan-1, Mars Orbiter Mission (MoM), IRNSS (NAVIC) etc.

What is ISRO:
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) headquartered in Bangalore city is the Indian Space Agency's Space Agency. Established in 1969, ISRO had moved with the efforts of the first Prime Minister of India's independence in 1962 to the Space Research Institute (INCOOPAR), under the chairmanship of the Indian National Committee, its vision was "Space Technology for National Development To exploit, Jawaharlal Nehru, and his close associate and scientist Vikram Sarabhai, Established ISRO: It organizes the procedures, it is managed by the Department of Space, which reports to the PM of India.

ISRO created India's first satellite Aryabhatta, which was started on 19th April, 1975 by the Soviet Union. It was named after the mathematician Aryabhatta. In 1980, Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3. ISRO later develope 2 other rockets:  PSLV launched the  GSLV to launch satellite in polar orbits and keep satellite in geostationary orbits. These rockets have launched many satellite satellites and earth observation satellites, satellite navigation systems such as Gagan and IRNSS have been deployed. In January 2014, ISRO successfully used an indigenous cryogenic engine in the launch of GSATV-D5 GSAT-14.
ISRO launched a moon orbiter, Chandrayaan-1 on October 22, 2008, a Mars planet atomic mission, which successfully entered the orbit of planet Mars on September 24, 2014, to make India its first attempt to succeed Made the nation, and successfully reached ISRO's fourth space agency in the world as well as Mars from Asia's first space agency. On June 18, 2016, ASRO successfully made a record with the launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, which is a satellite from Google, on 15 February 2017, ISRO launched 104 satellites in a rocket (PSLV-C37) and Made the world record. ISRO launched its largest rocket, GOsynchronous Satellite Launch vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-MK III) on June 5, 2017 and placed GSAT-19 communications satellite in the classroom. With this launch, ISRO has been able to launch 4 tons of heavy satellites.
Future plans include the development of ULV, the development of reusable launch vehicle, human space flight, controlled soft moon landing, interplanetary probe, and a solar spacecraft mission.

Creative year:
Modern space research in India is the most visible in the 1920s, when the scientist S. K. Mitra organized several experiments leading to the sound of ionosphere through the application of ground based radio methods in Calcutta. Later, Indian scientists like C. V. Raman and Meghnad Saha contributed to the scientific principles applied in space science. However, significant developments were seen in coordinated space research in India in the period after 1945. Organized space research in India was under the leadership of two scientists: Vikram Sarabhai- Founder of Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad- and Homi Bhabha, who founded the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in 1945. Early experiments in space science included the study of the world's cosmic radiation, high altitude and test of the airplanes, deep underground experiments on Kolar mines- one of the deepest mining sites in the world - and studies at upper atmospheric research laboratories, universities and independent places were studied. In 1950, the Department of Atomic Energy was established as the Secretary of Homi Bhabha. The Department provided funding for space research across India. During this time, tests were continued on the aspects of the magnetic field of the meteorology and earth, this topic was being studied in India in 1823 after the establishment of the observatory.  The Uttar Pradesh State Observatory was established in the Himalayas in 1954,. Rangpur Observatory was established in 1957 in Osmania University, Hyderabad. Space Research was further encouraged by India's technically-wisher Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1957, the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik and opened the possibilities of launching space for the rest of the world. Indian National Committee (Space Research) (INCOOPAR) was established in 1962 by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India.

Organisation structure and facilities:
The Structure of the Department of Space of the Government of India
ISRO is managed by the Department of Space (DoS) of the Government of India. DoS itself falls under the authority of the Prime Minister and the Space Commission, and manages the following agencies and institutes:
Indian Space Research Organisation
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram.
Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), Thiruvananthapuram.
Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC-SHAR), Sriharikota.
ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC), Mahendragiri.
ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore.
Space Applications Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad.
National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad.
ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU), Thiruvananthapuram.
Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU), Ahmedabad.
Master Control Facility (MCF), Hassan, Karnataka.
ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), Bangalore.
Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS), Bangalore.
Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun.
Antrix Corporation – The marketing arm of ISRO.
Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad.
National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL), Gadanki, Andhra pradesh.
North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC), Umiam.
Semi-Conductor Laboratory (SCL), Mohali.
IIST Thiruvananthapuram – India's space university.


List of PSLV Launches: 



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Research facility:


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Human reserach:

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