Today Special : On this day in 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson addressed a joint session of Congress to urge the passage of legislation guaranteeing voting rights for all.

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Posted on:    11 Jan, 2018       Views:  1577

the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri second Prime Minister of India

Lal Bahadur Shastri (born 2 October 1904 Mughalsarai - death: 11 January 1966 Tashkent), was the second Prime Minister of India. He was the Prime Minister of India for nearly eighteen months from 9 June 1964 to his death on 11 January 1966. His term on this key post was unique.Shastriji was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary of Uttar Pradesh after India's independence. In the Govind Ballabh Pant's ministry, he was handed over the Police and Transport Ministry. During the tenure of Transport Minister, he had appointed female conductors for the first time. After being a policeman, he started using the shower of water instead of sticks to keep the crowd under control.

the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri  second Prime Minister of India

In 1951, under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was appointed general secretary of All India Congress Committee. He worked very hard to win the Congress Party with an overwhelming majority in the elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962.

After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru during his prime ministership on May 27, 1964, Shastri was made the Prime Minister of the country in 1964 due to a clean image. He assumed the post of Prime Minister of India on 9th June 1964.

During his reign, the Indo-Pak war of 1965 started. Three years ago, the war of China had lost India. Shastri gave good leadership to the nation against Nehru in this unexpectedly war and defeated Pakistan. Pakistan never imagined it in the dream too.

After signing the agreement to end war with President Ayub Khan in Tashkent, on 11 January 1966, he died in mysterious circumstances only.

His simplicity, patriotism and honesty were awarded for posthumous Bharat Ratna.

the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri  second Prime Minister of India
Brief Biography:
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in Munshi Sharda Prasad Shrivastav in Mughalsarai (Uttar Pradesh) in 1904. His father was a teacher in primary school, so everyone used to call him Munshiji. Later, he had worked as Clerk in the Revenue Department. [1] Lal Bahadur's mother's name was Ramdulari. Due to being the smallest in the family, the boy used to call Lal Bahadur as family friend in family love. When the ninja was eighteen months unfortunately the father died.His mother, Ramdulari, went to Mirzapur, the house of his father, Hazarilal. After some time, his grandfather did not even remain. In the upbringing of the father of the father without father, Raghunath Prasad supported his mother. While living in Nanihal, he took elementary education. After that the education took place in Harishchandra High School and Kashi Vidyapeeth. After receiving the Shastri Degree from Kashi Vidyapeeth, he always removed the caste word Shrivastav, always coming out of his life and putting 'Shastri' in front of his name. After this the word Shastri became synonymous with Lal Bahadur's name.
In 1928, he married Lalshita, daughter of Ganesh Prasad, resident of Mirzapur. Lalita Shastri had six sons, two daughters-Kusum and Suman and four sons-Harikrishna, Anil, Sunil and Ashok. Two of his four sons-Anil Shastri and Sunil Shastri are still, the remaining two have passed away. Anil Shastri is a senior Congress leader, while Sunil Shastri went to the Bharatiya Janata Party.


Political life 

"Do not die, shoot!" The slogan was given by Lal Bahadur Shastri who caused the revolution to spread across the country.
After finishing up to graduation in Sanskrit language, he joined the RSS and started his political career from here, taking a fast for the country service. Shastriji was a true Gandhivadi who spent his entire life with simplicity and put him in service to the poor.He had active participation in all important programs and movements of the Indian Independence Movement, and as a result, he had to remain in jail many times. Non-cooperation Movement of 1921, Dandi March of 1930 and Quit India movement of 1942 were notable in the movements of independence struggle which played an important role in their movement.Seeing England badly in World War II, as Netaji slammed the Azad Hind Fauj for "let's go to Delhi", Gandhiji thought of the shock of the occasion, "leave India" to Bombay from Bombay on the night of 8th August 1942. And ordered the Indians to "do or die" and went to the Aga Khan Palace located in Yervada, Pune in government security.On 9th August, 1942 Shastriji reached Allahabad and cleverly called the Gandhian slogan "Do not die, hit!" And unexpectedly gave the storm of revolution to a raging state all over the country. Shastriji was arrested on 19th August, 1942 after running the movement while underground for eleven days.

Shastri's political directors included Purushottam Das Tandon and Jawaharlal Nehru in addition to Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant. First of all, after coming to Allahabad in 1929, he started working with Tandonji as secretary of Allahabad unit of the Bharat Sevak Sangh. While staying in Allahabad, his proximity with Nehru grew. After this, Shastri's height continued to rise and after one successive steps, he reached the chief minister's post in Nehruji's cabinet. And not only that, after the demise of Nehru, India became the Prime Minister of India.


Prime Minister 
Due to his clean image, he was made the Prime Minister of the country in 1964. In his first press conference, he had said that his top priority is to stop the food prices from rising and they have been successful in doing so. Their activities were not in theoretical but in line with the practical and public needs.
If seen unbiasedly, Shastri's rule was very difficult. The capitalists wanted to dominate the country and the enemy country was about to attack us. In 1965 suddenly Pakistan launched air raid on India at 7.30 p.m. Traditionally, the President convened an emergency meeting which included the heads of the three defense organs and members of the ministry.Incidentally, the prime minister arrived in that meeting for a while. Discussion started on their arrival. The three chiefs explained to him the whole situation and said: "Sir, what is the order?" Shastriji immediately replied in one sentence: "You protect the country and tell me what we have to do?
Shastri gave good leadership to the nation against Nehru in this war and gave a slogan to Jai Jawan-Jai Kisan. This increased the morale of the people of India and the whole country got together. Pakistan never imagined it in the dream too.
[[Chit | thumb]] Brigadier Hari Singh, who was a soldier in the 18th unit of the first Indian Armored Division at that time, deployed outside Barki police station in Lahore (Pakistan)]] During the Indo-Pak war on 6th September, India's 15th Infantry The unit met with stiff resistance from Pakistan's great attack on the western edge of the willogil canal in the honor of Maj Gen Prasad, the veteran World War II veteran. The willogil canal was the actual border between India and Pakistan.
In the attack itself, a major attack on Major General Prasad's convoy was left and he had to leave his vehicle and retreat. The Indian Army earned success in crossing the canal near Barki village by transmitting with the other power. This led to the Indian army reaching the airport to attack Lahore. Due to this unexpected attack, the US appealed for a period of time to remove its citizens from Lahore.
After all, Shastriji was insisted on the collusion of Russia and America. He was invited to Russia under a thoughtful conspiracy which he accepted. His wife Lalita Shastri, always accompanying her, was persuaded to seduce, and it was celebrated for Shastri to not go to Tashkent, the capital of Russia, and she also agreed. For this mistake, Mrs. Lalita Shastri was repented for her death. When the negotiation went on, Shastriji had the same insistence 
That they are satisfied with all other conditions but do not approve the land returned to Pakistan to return. After a lot of Jadodehad, the document of Tashkent Agreement was signed by making international pressure on Shastriji. He had signed this saying that he is definitely signing, but this land will be returned to any other Prime Minister only, 
They do not. After a few hours of signing the ceasefire agreement with President Ayub Khan, he died on the night of January 11, 1966. It has been until now that the mystery [2] has happened that Shastriji's death was due to heart attack? Many people consider the poison as the reason for their death.
Even today, Shastri remembers the entire India for his simplicity, patriotism and honesty. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in post-mortem 1966.


Mysterious death 

Shastriji's life-size statue in Mumbai
He died on the same night after signing the Tashkent Agreement. The cause of death is known as heart attack. Shastri's funeral was completed in the Yamuna along with Shantivan (Samadhi of Nehru ji) with full state honors and that place was named Vijay Ghat. Unless Congress Parliamentary Party chose Indira Gandhi to be the dutiful successor of Shastri, Gulzari Lal Nanda was the acting prime minister.Various concepts about Shastri's death Most people, including their family members, do not believe that Shastri's death was not from heart attack, but only by poisoning. The first inquiry was done by Raj Narain, which ended without any consequences. Was told. Interestingly, there is no record of it today in the Indian Parliament Library.
It was also alleged that Shastri's post-mortem was not even done. When this question was raised in 2009, it was reported from the Government of India that Shastri's private doctor RN Chugh and some doctors of some Russians had checked their death together, but the government did not have any record of it. Later, when asked for information from the Prime Minister's Office, he also expressed his compulsion.n the death of Shastriji, a full journal of the potential plot was opened by Outlook magazine.In 2009, when Anuj Dhar, author of a book titled "CIA's Eye on South Asia" in South Asia, On behalf of the Prime Minister's Office on the information sought under the authority of the Prime Minister, to say that "publicizing the documents of Shastri's death, the international relations of our country can be spoiled.Apart from the turmoil in the country as well as getting rid of this mystery, the parliamentary privileges can get hurt. These are all the reasons why this question can not be answered. "

Firstly published in 1978  In the tears of a Hindi book Lalita,  the Karun narrative of Shastri's death was naturally called through her goddess Lalita Shastri. Lalitaji was alive at that time (in the year sixty-eight).Not only that, in another English book published some time ago, author journalist Kuldip Nayar, who had accompanied Shastriji at Tashkent at that time, has highlighted this phenomenon in detail. Last year, in July 2012, Shastri's third son, Sunil Shastri, had also asked the Indian government to remove the curtain from the mystery.

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