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Posted on:    01 Jan, 2018       Views:  908

What Is United Nations Organisation

UNO Mean United Nations Organisation Founded in 1945 after the II World War The UNO founded by 51 countries; there are now 193 country. They committed to maintaining international peace and security. The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order. The organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City. The UNO  developing friendly relations among nations and  promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights and  solve international problems.


Changes in the nature of international relations include amendments to the UN's responsibilities and its decision-making tools. The Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union deeply affected the security activities of the United Nations during the first 45 years. The widespread displacement of World War II in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East greatly increased the quantity and nature of political, economic and social issues which were facing the organization. At the end of the Cold War in 1991, the UN renewed attention and appealed. Between a rapidly fluctuating geo-political climate, there were new challenges for established practices and actions, especially in the area of ??conflict resolution and humanitarian aid. In the beginning of the 21st century, the United Nations and its programs and affiliated agencies struggled to withstand the catastrophe due to humanitarian crisis and civil war, unprecedented refugee flow, spread of AIDS, global financial barriers, international terrorism and wealth inequalities. . Between the world's richest and poor people.

The first step toward formation of the UN was taken since 1944 at the Dagertan Oaks Conference, Big Three Power plus China (A group, often a meeting of diplomatic experts of a group called "Big Four" )) A property was held in Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, DC, although four countries agreed on the general purpose, structure and function of a new world organization, membership and voting in the conference Ended amid continued disagreement. At Yalta conference in February 1945, a meeting of Big Three in the Crimea resort city, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin laid the basis for charter provisions limiting the authority of the Security Council. In addition, they reached a temporary agreement on the number of Soviet republics to provide independent membership in the United Nations. Finally, the three leaders agreed that the new organization would include a system of trust that would be successful in the League of National Mandate System.

New members are admitted to the United Nations on the recommendation of the Security Council and two-thirds of the General Assembly vote.

Controversy also arose over the issue of “divided” states, including the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), North and South Korea, and North and South Vietnam. The two German states were admitted as members in 1973; these two seats were reduced to one after the country’s reunification in October 1990. Vietnam was admitted in 1977, after the defeat of South Vietnam and the reunification of the country in 1975. The two Koreas were admitted separately in 1991.


Organizations and specialized agencies of the United Nations.

1. Food and Agriculture Organization
2. International Atomic Energy Agency
3. International Civil Aviation Organization
4. International Fund for Agricultural Development
5. International Labour Organization
6. International Maritime Organization
7. International Monetary Fund
8. International Telecommunication Union
9. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
10. United Nations Industrial Development Organization
11. World Tourism Organization
12. Universal Postal Union
13. World Bank Group
14. World Food Programme
15. World Health Organization
16. World Intellectual Property Organization
17. World Meteorological Organization

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